Historically, the word refers to a work of a very high standard produced in order to obtain membership of a guild or academy. The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages, "Book Review: 'The Western Canon: The Books and the School of the Ages'; Books", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Western_Canon&oldid=988857236, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 17:49. As for the Western literary canon, a recent First Things podcast noted that millions of Americans participated in the Book of the Month Club or the Great Books of the Western World project. A second principle is "non-canonical", giving female writers such as Anne Askew, Elizabeth Cary, Emilia Lanier, Martha Moulsworth, and Lady Mary Wroth a representative selection. [85] which was characterized by significant intellectual and cultural developments. [50] He is best known to Western readers for his 1987 novel Red Sorghum Clan, of which the Red Sorghum and Sorghum Wine volumes were later adapted for the film Red Sorghum. Whether or not this fear is grounded can only be known in the future, but as a reader of Bloom it is always refreshing to be in the presence of a writer who is enthusiastic about literature, and has a solid command of his … It is "a certain Western intellectual tradition that goes from, say, Socrates to Wittgenstein in philosophy, and from Homer to James Joyce in literature". [32], In the twentieth century T. S. Eliot and Yvor Winters were two literary critics who were especially concerned with revising the canon of renaissance English literature. [102] Nochlin's essay develops the argument that both formal and social education restricted artistic development to men, preventing women (with rare exception) from honing their talents and gaining entry into the art world. It is constantly being re-shuffled and re-imagined by scholars and critics alike. St. John's College Great Books reading list, Las mil mejores poesías de la lengua castellana, Les millors obres de la literatura catalana, "Book Review: 'The Western Canon: The Books and the School of the Ages'; Books", https://www.penguin.co.uk/authors/3030/cao-xueqin.html, Great Books Curriculum, Santa Barbara City College, "Books of The Times; Putting In a Word for Homer, Herodotus, Plato, Etc. The feminist movement produced both feminist fiction and non-fiction and created new interest in women's writing. In the 19th century the Baroque fell into great disfavour, but it was revived from around the 1920s, by which time the art of the 18th and 19th century was largely disregarded. 578 pp. Notable female philosophers from the contemporary period include Susanne Langer (1895–1985), Simone de Beauvoir (1908–1986), Simone Weil (1909-1943), and Martha Nussbaum (1947– ). His Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects covers only artists working in Italy,[99] with a strong pro-Florentine prejudice, and has cast a long shadow over succeeding centuries. Working chronologically through "the great conversation of history," each episode focuses on a distinct … [28], The process of defining the boundaries of the canon is endless. When in the 1990s the concept of the Western canon was vehemently condemned, just as earlier Modern Library lists had been criticized as "too American," Modern Library responded by preparing new lists of "100 Best Novels" and "100 Best Nonfiction" compiled by famous writers, and later compiled lists nominated by book purchasers and readers.[15]. During the course of the 1920s, Eliot did much to establish the importance of the metaphysical school, both through his critical writing and by applying their method in his own work. [86] It was during the Warring States era that what Sima Tan termed the major philosophical schools of China: Confucianism, Legalism, and Taoism, arose, along with other schools of philosophy that later fell into obscurity. [2] The word canon is derived from ancient Greek κανών, kanṓn, meaning a measuring rod, or standard. Other items include early translations of literature from other countries, history books, first-hand diaries, and published correspondence. Female philosophers have begun to gain prominence in the last hundred years. Since the 1960s the Western literary canon has been expanded to include writers from Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Human effort `` greatest works of artistic merit. swings in what is valued enjoyed. Niccolò Machiavelli, Michel de Montaigne, Pico della Mirandola, Nicholas Cusa! 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